Research Article

Modular Learning amidst COVID-19 Pandemic: Satisfaction Among Students in a Higher Education Institution

Maria S. Tugano 1 , Jose Zafe Tria 1 * , Jimmelyn Z. Tonio 1
More Detail
1 Catanduanes State University, Virac, Catanduanes, PHILIPPINES* Corresponding Author
International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2), 2022, ep2206, https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/12075
Published: 08 May 2022
OPEN ACCESS   10545 Views   22546 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

Educational institutions were compelled to close their doors due to COVID-19 pandemic. This resulted to the sudden shift from face-to-face classes to flexible learning to allow continuity of providing quality education to students. The aim of this study is to determine the level of satisfaction of students of Catanduanes State University (CatSU) on modular learning as one of the flexible learning modalities used by the institution during the pandemic. This quantitative descriptive research developed and utilized a Likert scale survey questionnaire distributed to 3,332 students of CatSU representing the various colleges and year levels. Result of the study showed that the students’ level of satisfaction on modular learning has varying degree of strength from “very satisfied” (x =2.71) to “satisfied” (x =2.01) in the different indicators covered by the study. Significant differences were likewise revealed in the level of satisfaction among students across colleges and year levels. Further investigation is needed to validate the findings. Studies not only exploring on student satisfaction but also satisfaction among faculty members of the institution on the implementation of modular learning amidst pandemic is also recommended.

CITATION (APA)

Tugano, M. S., Tria, J. Z., & Tonio, J. Z. (2022). Modular Learning amidst COVID-19 Pandemic: Satisfaction Among Students in a Higher Education Institution. International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2), ep2206. https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/12075

REFERENCES

  1. Abbasi, M. S., Ahmed, N., Sajjad, B., Alshahrani, A., Saeed, S., Sarfaraz, S., Alhamdan, R. S., Vohra, F., & Abduljabbar, T. (2020). E-learning perception and satisfaction among health sciences students amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Work, 67(3), 549-556. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203308
  2. Abu Hantash, R. O., Abu Yuonis, M., & Assaf, M. (2020). Online learning satisfaction and acceptance among Al-Quds University dental students. Creative Education, 11(10), 2002-2013. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2020.1110146
  3. Adedoyin, O. B., & Soykan, E. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and online learning: The challenges and opportunities. Interactive Learning Environments. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1813180
  4. Adnan, M., & Anwar, K. (2020). Online learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Students’ perspectives. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2(1), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020261309
  5. Adoeye, I. A., Adanikin, A. F., & Adanikin, A. (2020). COVID-19 and e-learning: Nigeria tertiary education system experience. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science, 5(5), 28-31.
  6. Aldridge, S., & Rowley, J. (1998). Measuring customer satisfaction in higher education. Quality Assurance in Education, 6(4), 197-204. https://doi.org/10.1108/09684889810242182
  7. Azlan, C. A., Wong, J. H. D., Tan, L. K., A. D. Huri, M. S. N., Ung, N. M., Pallath, V., Tan, C. P. L., Yeong, C. H., & Ng, K. H. (2020). Teaching and learning of postgraduate medical physics using Internet-based e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic–A case study from Malaysia. Physica Medica, 80, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2020.10.002
  8. Baber, H. (2020). Determinants of students’ perceived learning outcome and satisfaction in online learning during the pandemic of COVID-19. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 7(3), 285-292. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.509.2020.73.285.292
  9. Bączek, M., Zagańczyk-Bączek, M., Szpringer, M., Jaroszyński, A., & Wożakowska-Kapłon, B. (2021). Students’ perception of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: A survey study of Polish medical students. Medicine, 100(7), e24821-e24821. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000024821
  10. Bahasoan, A. N., Ayuanduani, W., Mukhram, M., & Ramat, A. (2020). Effectiveness of online learning in pandemic COVID-19. International Journal of Science, Technology and Management, 1(2), 100-106. https://doi.org/10.46729/ijstm.v1i2.30
  11. Bao, W. (2020). COVID-19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(2), 113-115. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.191
  12. Besser, A., Flett, G., & Zeigler-Hill, V. (2020). Adaptability to a sudden transition to online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: Understanding the challenges for students. Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/stl0000198
  13. CatSU. (2021). Catanduanes State University–The Green University. https://www.catanduanesstateu.edu.ph/
  14. CatSU. (2021). Guidelines in the implementation of flexible learning AY 2020, Sem. 1. Catanduanes State University.
  15. Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M., & Clark, T. (2009). Research and practice in K-12 online learning: A review of open access literature. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v10i1.607
  16. CHEd Memorandum Order No.4 S. (2020). DepEd memorandum OUCI-2020-307 suggested measures to foster “academic ease” during the COVID-19 pandemic. Deparment of Education. https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/OUCI-2020-307_ACADEMIC-EASE-DURING-COVID-19-final-version-01Nov2020.pdf
  17. CHEd. (2020). CHEd memorandum order No. 04 S. 2020 guidelines on the implementation of flexible learning. Commission on Higher Education (CHED). https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/CMO-No.-4-s.-2020-Guidelines-on-the-Implementation-of-Flexible-Learning.pdf
  18. Chen, T., Peng, L., Yin, X., Rong, J., Yang, J., & Cong, G. (2020). Analysis of user satisfaction with online education platforms in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Healthcare, 8(3), 200. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030200
  19. De Guzman, M. J. J., & Pastor, C. K. L. (2020). Business administration students’ skills and capability on synchronous and asynchronous alternative delivery of learning. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 3(1), 28-34.
  20. Department of Health. (2021). COVID-19 inter-agency task force for the management of emerging infectious diseases resolutions. Department of Health. https://doh.gov.ph/COVID-19/IATF-Resolutions
  21. DepEd. (2020). Learning while staying at home: Teachers, parents support DepEd distance learning platform. Department of Education. https://www.deped.gov.ph/2020/03/21/learning-while-staying-at-home-teachers-parents-support-deped-distance-learning-platform/
  22. DeShields Jr, O. W., Kara, A., & Kaynak, E. (2005). Determinants of business student satisfaction and retention in higher education: Applying Herzberg’s two‐factor theory. International Journal of Educational Management, 19(2), 128-139. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540510582426
  23. Dhawan, S. (2020). Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0047239520934018
  24. Fatonia, Arifiati, N., Nurkhayati, E., Nurdiawati, E., Fidziah, Pamungkas, G., Adha, S., Irawan, Purwanto, A., Julyanto, O., & Azizi, E. (2020). University students online learning system during COVID-19 pandemic: Advantages, constraints and solutions. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(7), 570-576.
  25. Fauzi, I., & Khusuma, I. (2020). Teachers’ elementary school in online learning of COVID-19 pandemic conditions. Jurnal Iqra’: Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan [Journal of Iqra’: A Study of Educational Science], 5(1), 58-70. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v5i1.914
  26. Fawns, T., Jones, D., & Aitken, G. (2020). Challenging assumptions about “moving online” in response to COVID-19, and some practical advice. MedEd Publish, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.15694/mep.2020.000083.1
  27. Ghazi-Saidi, L., Criffield, A., Kracl, C., McKelvey, M., Obasi, S., & Vu, P. (2020). Moving from face-to-face to remote instruction in a higher education institution during a pandemic: Multiple case studies. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), 370-383. https://doi.org/10.46328/ijtes.v4i4.169
  28. Hebebci, M. T., Bertiz, Y., & Alan, S. (2020). Investigation of views of students and teachers on distance education practices during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), 267-282. https://doi.org/10.46328/ijtes.v4i4.113
  29. Johnson, N., Veletsianos, G., & Seaman, J. (2020). U.S. faculty and administrators’ experiences and approaches in the early weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic. Online Learning, 24(2), 6-21. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v24i2.2285
  30. Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., Barman, B., Das, P., & Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105194
  31. Kedraka, K., & Kaltsidis, C. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on university pedagogy: Student’s experiences and considerations. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(8), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v7i8.3176
  32. Khalil, R., Mansour, A. E., Fadda, W. A., Almisnid, K., Aldamegh, M., Al-Nafeesah, A., Alkhalifah, A., & Al-Wutayd, O. (2020). The sudden transition to synchronized online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia: A qualitative study exploring medical students’ perspectives. BMC Medical Education, 20(1), 285. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02208-z
  33. Matanluk, O., Mohammad, B., Kiflee, D. N. A., & Imbug, M. (2013). The effectiveness of using teaching module based on radical constructivism toward students learning process. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (pp. 607-615). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.132
  34. McLeod, S. (2020). Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory. https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html
  35. Morgan, H. (2020). Best practices for implementing remote learning during a pandemic. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 93(3), 135-141. https://doi.org/10.1080/00098655.2020.1751480
  36. Oktaviani, M., Zulfa, V., & Elmanora, E. (2020). What platform makes students enjoy the learning during COVID-19 pandemic? Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya. http://journal.um-surabaya.ac.id/index.php/Pro/article/view/5964
  37. Parrocha, A. (2020, June 7). HEIs may hold limited face-to-face classes in MGCQ areas. https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1105160
  38. Rhema, A., & Miliszewska, I. (2014). Analysis of student attitudes towards e-learning: The case of engineering students in Libya. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 11, 169-190. https://doi.org/10.28945/1987
  39. Rotas, E. E., & Cahapay, M. B. (2020). Difficulties in remote learning: Voices of Philippine university students in the wake of COVID-19 crisis. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(2), 147-158.
  40. Sadiq, S., & Zamir, S. (2014). Effectiveness of modular approach in teaching at university level. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(17), 103-109.
  41. Sichani, M. M., Mobarakeh, S. R., & Omid, A. (2018). The effect of distance learning via SMS on academic achievement and satisfaction of medical students. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 7, 29. https://doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_116_16
  42. Silva, O., Nunes, A., & Cabral, J. (2017). University student’s satisfaction with Moodle e-learning management system. In Proceedings of the 10th Annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation (pp. 8058-8065). https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.2152
  43. Sulaiman, A., & Dashti, A. (2018). Students’ satisfaction and factors in using mobile learning among college students in Kuwait. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(7), 3181-3189. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/91669
  44. Toquero, C. M. (2021). Emergency remote education experiment amid COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation, 15, 162-176. https://doi.org/10.46661/ijeri.5113
  45. Tria, J. Z. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic through the lens of education in the Philippines: The new normal. International Journal of Pedagogical Development and Lifelong Learning, 1(1), ep2001. https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/8311
  46. Wahab, A. (2020). Online and remote learning in higher education institutes: A necessity in light of COVID-19 pandemic. Higher Education Studies, 10(3), 16-25. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v10n3p16
  47. Wardhono, A., Purwadi, D., Bambang Sabariman, Triarso, A., & Widjaja, A. (2020). Perception of civil engineering students towards the effectiveness of virtual learning implementation during COVID-19 pandemic. In Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Arts and Humanities (pp. 1105-1110). https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201201.185
  48. Worldometer. (2021). Coronavirus update (live): 104,400,796 cases and 2,262,854 deaths from COVID-19 virus pandemic. Worldometer. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
  49. Yamey, G., Schäferhoff, M., Hatchett, R., Pate, M., Zhao, F., & Mcdade, K. K. (2020). Ensuring global access to COVID-19 vaccines. The Lancet, 395(10234), 1405-1406. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30763-7
  50. Yu, E. Y., & Yang, Y. J. (2013). A study on the difference among college students’ department satisfaction and career maturity and the influence on career stress. Journal of Digital Convergence, 11(12), 557-568. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.557