EFL Learners’ Attitudes Towards Online Reflective Journals’ Impact on Creative Writing: An Analytical Study
1 Birzeit University, West Bank, PALESTINE* Corresponding Author
International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2), 2022, ep2208, https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/12326
Published: 10 August 2022
OPEN ACCESS 614 Views 331 Downloads
This study aimed at investigating EFL learners’ attitudes toward the impact of online reflective journals on creative writing. The study has adopted a descriptive-analytical design, through which both quantitative and qualitative research methods were utilized. 30 EFL students enrolled in an intensive B1/unlock course were trained to write online reflective journals regularly and post them on a messenger group where all students could read and reflect on them. The study lasted for eight weeks during the second semester of 2020/2021. An attitudinal questionnaire was distributed to all the participants at the end of the intervention, and appropriate statistical analyses were used to figure out the participants’ attitudes. In addition, all participants were asked to share their reflections by writing online reflective journals via the messenger group. Participants’ reflections and responses were deliberately analyzed qualitatively to extract and read their attitudes deeply. Both the questionnaire’s responses and the personal reflections have shown positive attitudes towards the impact of online reflective journals on improving EFL learners’ creative writing. Hence, some recommendations were suggested.
Fayyad Abuhussein, H. (2022). EFL Learners’ Attitudes Towards Online Reflective Journals’ Impact on Creative Writing: An Analytical Study. International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2), ep2208. https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/12326
- Abednia, A., Hovassapian, A., Teimournezhad, S., & Ghanbari, N. (2013). Reflective journal writing: Exploring in-service EFL teachers’ perceptions. System, 41(3), 503-514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2013.05.003
- Alber-Morgan, S. R., Hessler, T., & Konrad, M. (2007). Teaching writing for keeps. Education and Treatment of Children, 30, 107-128. https://doi.org/10.1353/etc.2007.0012
- Andrusyszyn, M. A., & Davie, L. (1997). Facilitating reflection through interactive journal writing in an online graduate course. Journal of Distance Education, 12(1-2), 103-126.
- Annamalai, N., & Jagannathan, P. (2017). Exploring students’ reflective writing on Facebook. The Euro CALL Review, 25(2), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.4995/eurocall.2017.7750
- Baker, C. (1992). Attitudes and language. Multilingual Matters Ltd.
- Barbot, B., Tan, M., Randi, J., Santa-Donato, G., & Grigorenko, E. (2012). Essential skills for creative writing: Integrating multiple domain-specific perspectives. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 7, 209-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2012.04.006
- Bennett, A., Clarke, G., Motion, A., & Naidoo, B. (2008). Creative writing subject benchmark statement. http://www.nawe.co.uk/writing-in-education/writing-at-university/research.html
- Boden, M. (2001). Creativity and knowledge. In A. Craft, B. Jeffrey, & M. Leibling (Eds.), Creativity in education (pp. 95-102). Continuum Publishing.
- Boud, D., Keogh, R., & Walker, D. (1985). Reflection: Turning experience into learning. Kogan Page.
- Brown, H. D. (1990). Principle of language learning and teaching. Prentice-Hall International.
- Chang, M., M. & Lin, M., C. (2014). The effect of reflective learning e-journals on reading comprehension and communication in language learning. Computers and Education, 71, 124-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.09.023
- Cheng, G. (2017). The impact of online automated feedback on students' reflective journal writing in an EFL course. The Internet and Higher Education, 34, 18-27. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1096751617301914
- Cramar, L. (2003). The nature of creative writing. Addison.
- Davies, E. (1995). Reflective practice: A focus for caring. Journal of Nursing Education, 34(4), 167-174. https://doi.org/10.3928/0148-4834-19950401-07
- Dewey, J. (1933). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
- Falk, J. (1978). Linguistics and language: A survey of basic concepts and implications. John Wiley & Sons.
- Farrell, T. S. (2013). Reflective practice in ESL teacher development groups: From practices to principles. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137317193
- Fogg, P. (2010). The 24-7 professor—what to do when home is just another word for the office. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(21), B12.
- Frances, J. & Rose, S. (2009). Agnostics, skeptics, and believers: Writing teachers’ on student-centered teaching [Doctoral dissertation, Purdue University].
- Gardner, R. (1980). On the validity of affective variables in second language acquisition: Conceptual and statistical considerations. Language Learning, 30(2), 255-270. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1980.tb00318.x
- Gardner, R. C., Lalonde, R. N., & Moorcroft, R. (1985). The role of attitudes and motivation in second language learning: Correlational and experimental considerations. Language Learning, 35(2), 207-227. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1985.tb01025.x
- Griffee, D. T. (2012). An introduction to second language research methods: Design and data. University of California Press.
- Gronich, L. (2004). Towards an understanding of what it means to be student-centered: A new teacher’s journey. Journal of Management Education, 28(4), 447-462. https://doi.org/10.1177/1052562903252660
- Hansen, J.-I. C. (1987). Cross-cultural research on vocational interests. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 19(4), 163-176. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.1987.12022837
- Harmer, J. (2004). How to teach writing. Pearson.
- Harri-Augstein, E. S., & Thomas, L. F. (1991). Learning conversations: The self-organized learning way to personal and organizational growth. Routledge.
- Hedgcock, J. S. & Ferris, D. R. (2009). Teaching readers of English: Students, texts and context. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203880265
- Hussein, H. (2018). Examining the effects of reflective journals on students’ growth mindset: A case study of tertiary level EFL students in the United Arab Emirates. IAFOR Journal of Education, 6(2), 34-50. https://doi.org/10.22492/ije.6.2.03
- Imel, S. (1992). Reflective practice in adult education. Eric Digest No. 122. http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed346319.html
- Indira, P. D., & Sree, V. K. (2017). Developing writing skills in the context of teaching English as a second language for professional course students. Research Journal of English Language & Literature, 8(2), 403-410.
- Kember, D., Leung, D. Y. P., Jones, A., Loke, A. Y., McKay, J., Sinclair, K., Tse, H., Webb, C., Wong, F. K. Y., Wong, M., & Yeung, E. (2000). Development of a questionnaire to measure the level of reflective thinking. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 25(4), 381-395. https://doi.org/10.1080/713611442
- Khanjani, A., Vahdany, F., & Jafarigohar, M. (2018). Effects of journal writing on EFL teacher trainees’ reflective practice. Research in English Language Pedagogy, 6(1), 56-77.
- Kirst, M., & Venezia, A. (2001). Bridging the great divide between secondary schools and postsecondary education. Phi Delta Kappan, 83(1), 92-97. https://doi.org/10.1177/003172170108300118
- Kollogg, R. T. (2008). Training writing skills: A cognitive-developmental perspective. Journal of Writing Research, 1(1), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.17239/jowr-2008.01.01.1
- Larkin, S. (2009). Socially mediated metacognition and learning to write. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 4(3), 149-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2009.09.003
- Lenhart, A., Madden, M., Macgill, A. R., & Smith, A. (2007). Teens and social media. Pew Internet and American Life Project.
- Lew, M. D. N., & Schmidt, H. G. (2011). Self-reflection and academic performance: Is there a relationship? Advances in Health Sciences Education, 16(4), 529-545. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-011-9298-z
- Mansour, A. Z. (2011). Reflective learning journal using blog. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 18, 507-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.074
- Moon, J. A. (1999). Reflection in learning and professional development: Theory and practice. Kogan Page.
- O’Connell, T. S., & Dyment, J. E. (2011). The case of reflective journals: is the jury still out? Reflective Practice, 12(1), 47-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623943.2011.541093
- Odeh, A. (2010). Measurement and evaluation in the teaching process. Dar Al-Amal for Publishing and Distribution.
- Oller, J. W. (1979). Language tests at school. Longman.
- Omaggio, A. (2001). Teaching language in context. Heinel and Heinel.
- Oroujlou, N. & Vehedi, M. (2001). Motivation, attitude, and language learning. Social and Behavioral Sciences 29, 994-1000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.333
- Popham, J. W. (2005). Students, attitudes count. Educational Leadership, 62(5), 17-19.
- Richards, J., & Lockhart, C. (1994). Reflective teaching in second language classroom. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511667169
- Rosenberg, M. J., & Hovland, C. I. (1960). Cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of attitude. In M. J. Rosenberg, C. I. Hovland, W. J. McGuire, R. P. Abelson, & J. W. Brehm (Eds.), Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components (pp. 1-14). Yale University Press.
- Ruiz-López, M., Rodriguez-García, M., Villanueva, P.-G., Márquez-Cava, M., García-Mateos, M., Ruiz-Ruiz, B., & Herrera-Sánchez, E. (2015). The use of reflective journaling as a learning strategy during the clinical rotations of students from the faculty of health sciences: An action-research study. Nurse Education Today, 35(10), e26-e31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2015.07.029
- Samuels, M., & Betts, J. (2007). Crossing the threshold from description to deconstruction, and reconstruction: Using self-assessment to deepen reflection. Reflective Practice, 8(2), 269-283. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623940701289410
- Santrock, J. W. (2011). Educational psychology. McGraw-Hill, Inc.
- Sauvignon, S. J. (1976). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford University Press.
- Sivasubramaniam, S. (2011). Constructivism in EIL: Issues and insights for teaching and research. Journal of English as an International Language, 6(1), 1-20.
- Strong, M. (2006). Integrative motivation: Cause or result of successful second language acquisition? Language Learning, 34(3), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1984.tb00339.x
- Suleiman, M. F. (1993). A study of Arab students motivations and attitudes for learning English as a foreign language [Unpublished doctoral thesis]. University of Arizona State.
- Sumsion, J., & Fleet, A. (1996). Reflection: Can we assess it? Should we assess it? Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 21, 2. https://doi.org/10.1080/0260293960210202
- The Writing Revolution. (2014). The Writing Revolution. https://www.eisevery-where.com/fileuploads/59687c34d85cb73470168f9bba1bf730_HochmanJudith-EVERYONEREADINGMAR2016pptweb-site.pdf
- Tomlin, A. M., Hines, E., & Sturm, L. (2016). Reflection in home visiting: The what, why, and a beginning step toward how. Infant Mental Health Journal, 37, 617-627. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21610
- Tunde-Awe, B. (2014). Relationship between reading attitudes and reading comprehension performance of secondary school students in Kwara State, Nigeria. Review of Arts and Humanities, 3(2), 203-215.
- Weatherston, D. J., & Barron, C. (2009). What does a reflective supervisory relationship look like? In S. Scott Heller, & L. Gilkerson (Eds.), A practical guide to reflective supervision (pp. 63-82). Zero to Three.
- Yancey, K. B. (2009). Writing in the 21st century: A report from the National Council of Teachers of English (Pamphlet). National Council of Teachers of English.